A three and a half year program for aspiring journalists hoping to gain expertise, with a focus on challenges and opportunities in industry. Graduates emerge with a strong subject-matter grounding that enables them to situate news events in their larger context, to ask more informed questions, and to authoritatively evaluate claims made by sources. During the application process, candidates select a major in one of three subject areas: broadcast media, print media or public relations.
The journalism program has contributed in establishing a paradigm shift in news reporting especially on television with our alumni renowned for investigative journalism. We have also penetrated the print media industry with our alumni being awarded for their pieces. We have an emerging class of students who have penetrated television production in the market with our own internal program of film production which has culminated to the now well publicized film pilot “usoni”.
In public relations, we are proud that our alumni have been established as providing a competitive edge to existing PR bodies and their entry into the market has established them as skilled professionals in the field. Our students are renowned actors and actresses, radio personalities in the thriving entertainment market in Kenya.
Graduates of the USIU journalism program are some of the leading journalists in Kenya today and can be found in the country’s top media houses. Among them are KTN’s John Allan Namu, a 2009 CNN African Journalist of The Year. John is an accomplished investigative reporter. Others in the electronic (TV) media include Cynthia Nyamai (formerly a business reporter with KTN), Aeleen Kinyanjui (formerly of NTV), Merceline Moraa Maroma and Lorna Gitundu and Andrew Ochieng (NTV), Christine Nderitu, Shem Oluchiri & Joel Chacha formerly of KTN.
A number of local FM stations are also staffed by USIU journalism faculty alumni, including Nick Ndeda, and Katherine Kaittany of Hot 96 FM, Tulanana Bohela of BBC, Gerphas Odipo (Hope FM), Kamau Mbote – KBC, Charmaine Mwenesi of Radio Africa, Agnes Barasa and Sheila Kamande formerly of Kiss FM.
The Journalism Program has also had an impact in PR and print. Some of its alumni include Adelaide Changole a sub-editor with the Standard Group, Lola Okulo of The Star newspaper, Amanda Gicharu, a Media Consultant with UNDP, Wangui Ireqi, an Editor with Jetlink Inflight Magazine and Gladys Moru of Ministry of information and Communication among many others.
Zeynab Wandati - “After my graduation on August 21st 2010, I started off my journalism career with an internship in September at Citizen TV, which lasted four months. By March 2011, I had joined Nation Media Media Group, for a one year training program called the Media Lab, and by the end of the year I was at NTV. Today, I report for NTV Business, with a keen interest in agriculture. I am grateful to USIU for shaping me into the journalist I am today, especially when it comes to ethics and code of conduct of the profession.”
Chris Sang – “The freedom and support I got from USIU and its staff and faculty to pursue my interests in film and T.V production inspired me to go ahead and start my own production company. Now I work as a freelancer in the Film and T.V industry as well as running my own production company.”
Carlos Muriithi - Correspondent -- 'Sunday Nation', Nation Media Group “USIU education prepared me for a career in journalism and beyond. It equipped me with relevant skills and it helped shape my ideas. In addition, it taught me how to confidently face the outside world.”
The Journalism program encourages students to get involved in a student organization such as the journalism club, public speaking to enhance their skills. However, within the program, the students will work pro bono for other departments in the school in production of videos for school events such as Mr & Miss USIU, student awards, culture week, black history month, and any other as requested by other interested parties. They also are selected at most times to take part in MC roles, DJ roles, support of PR and publicity persons for university events. Besides, the department has established an internal film internship program that recruits students to participate in project based film production activities. In a bid to combine theory and practice, faculty has embarked on a curriculum that encourages students to submit practical projects as part of their grades. Ideally, per semester, students develop documentaries, news features, and present work in photography and participate in mock PR event organization that is consumed by the USIU fraternity. Students are encouraged in their senior project course to create a portfolio based on the area of journalism they are passionate about. Over the years, some of these items in their portfolios include autobiographical books, organization of media ethics conference, organization of lifestyle events, video production on issue of their choice and photo galleries. The journalism program operate the USIU 99.9 FM station which is student ran with full administration and has programming that runs from Monday to Sunday and has a listenership that is 5kms radius from the institution.
The journalism program from time to time organizes academic conferences both local and international with the aim of peer interaction enhancing research from an African context. The journalism program also organizes interuniversity journalism students fair, film festivals, film competitions, round table discussions, international students media exposure on African media experience. The students also organize PR events, exhibitions and photo galleries to exhibit their works. There is also a student run newspaper, the “gazette” and the magazine “sauti” both that are published every semester. Every so often, the USIU radio organizes a publicity event called “radioactive”
The USIU Bachelor of Arts in Journalism program is fairly new, (less about 11 years old), having been introduced in 1999 with an enrollment of 16 students. The program has grown rapidly since then to the current total enrolment of 317 students (Spring Semester 2014). This growth is attributable to the expansion of the mass media market in Kenya, especially after the liberalization of the air-waves in the early 1990s. This liberalization resulted in the formation of numerous commercial radio and TV stations that demanded a commensurate number of trained broadcast journalists. The print media sector has also seen significant growth.
In order to respond to these changes and demand in the market, the program has also grown from offering only one concentration (Print Media), to the current three existing concentrations that include Electronic Media and Public Relations.
The Journalism Program has over the years worked with other organizations to enhance its role in the media fraternity. For the last seven years, the Journalism program has been collaborating with Gimleköllen School of Journalism and Communication, Kristiansand, Norway in journalism short courses for visiting Norwegian students. The USIU Journalism Program has launched capacity building short courses for media practitioners over the summer semester.
The USIU Journalism Program is designed as per the requirements of the two accrediting bodies, the Commission for University Education (CUE) and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
The university has been able to equip the TV and video production training facilities. The equipping process of the program begun in 2007, and for the TV and video editing, the faculty decided right from the start the editing technology will be based on Mac platform and to date, the program has acquired a total of 16 computer, two (2) PowerMacs and 14 twenty-inch iMacs all housed in the two TV Editing suites within Dr. Lillian K. Beam Building (ICT Centre). The university administration has also invested substantially to set up a campus radio station, primarily to give the journalism students hands-on experience. The station is equipped with state of the art technology that enables the students to keep abreast with the latest technology in the market today.
Other facilities created to serve the journalism program include the print Journalism Content Creation room. The facility serves as the news room for Print Media concentration students where they practice news writing and editing for publication within the student publications – The Gazette and its sister Sauti magazine.
In 2009 the university acquired top of the range TV broadcast equipment to boost the Electronic media concentration, and prepare for a possible expansion into Film Production and Advertising courses.
We are currently running the latest software like adobe CS6 for our MAC computers and jazler for the radio station.
The Journalism Faculty
The faculty in the Journalism program are renowned in the industry as opinion leaders in media ethics and public relations and film production and print. They participate as judges in national journalism, PR , Film awards panels. They are recognized ion the media as opinion leaders and moderators of discussions in journalistic forums. They are also consulting trainers of various government, public and NGO centers. They also participate in decision making in the media council, PRSK, Kenya film commission and the film associations in the country. They have various research interests in line with their experience in the industry
Assistant Professor, journalism
Dorothy holds a Ph. D in Mass Communication from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale and has extensive experience teaching in the Corporate Communication and Journalism fields in several universities including Culver-Stockon College in the U.S., St. Augustine’s University in Tanzania, and Daystar University in Kenya. She has taught in graduate programmes and advised a number of theses at the MA level. Further, she has been involved in developing and reviewing curricula and serves as a communication curriculum reviewer for the Commission of University Education (CUE). Dorothy has also worked as a communications and development coordinator in the NGO industry. Her research interests lie in international communication especially in the area of media discourses and their construction of reality, celebrity activism and the global social justice movement and critical issues in advertising. She has presented in a number of international conferences including the International Communication Association (ICA) Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, (AEJMC) the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) and the East Africa Communication Association (EACA) conferences. She is currently co-authoring an introductory text in communication.
Journalist-in-residence & lecturer, journalism
Joe Kadhi is a Journalism lecturer and specifically teaches News Reporting and Writing; Media Law and Ethics. He holds a M.Sc. degree in Journalism from Pacific Western University, Los Angeles, California (1994) and a B.Sc. degree in Communication from Pacific Western University, Los Angeles, California (1992). Mr. Kadhi also holds a Diploma in Journalism from the University of Nairobi (1972) and another Diploma in Journalism from the International Press Institute (1964). He has regularly organized Journalism courses at the USIU for visiting students from Gimleköllen School of Journalism and Communication, Kristiansand, Norway. Mr. Kadhi used to be a visiting lecturer at the Graduate School of Journalism at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia where he taught media ethics.
Mr. Kadhi was a member of Ethics and Standards Committee of the Media Council of Kenya and also a Board Member of Transparency International Kenya. Between 1973 and 1978 Mr. Kadhi was the Managing Editor of The Sunday Nation after which he was promoted to become the Managing Editor of The Daily Nation, a position he held for ten years until 1988 when he was yet again promoted to the position of Assistant Group Managing Editor. In 1991 he joined the University of Nairobi’s School of Journalism where he taught News Writing, Feature Writing and Editorial Management. While there he also instructed students in the production of The Anvil, the University’s teaching newspaper.
While at the USIU Mr. Kadhi has successfully organized a number of refresher courses for practicing journalists funded by DANIDA. Among his published academic papers includes African News Coverage in African and Foreign Media (Published by Graduate School of Journalism, University of Western Ontario, Canada in July 1986); “Anglophone Africa: Journalists—puppets of proprietors?” (Which is a chapter in the book: Ethics in Journalism, published by Fredrich-Ebert Stiftung, Munich, Germany 1999) and The Kenya Media in the 1997 General Elections: A Look at the Watchdog ( Which is a Chapter written with M. Rutten, in the book Democracy in Kenya, Fountain Publishers, in 2005).
Mutua is a PhD in communication candidate at Daystar University. He holds a Masters of Arts degree in Communications from Daystar University, a Post Graduate Diploma in Education from Kenyatta University, Training for Trainers Certificate (TOT) in Training Methodology from the Kenya Institute of Administration, Diploma in Film Production and Directing from the Kenya Institute of Mass Communication, and a Bachelor of Arts (BA Hons.) in Literature in English and Linguistics (Kiswahili) from Kenyatta University.
Mutua is currently a Lecturer in communication and Journalism at the United States International University-Africa. He has previously worked as a Lecturer of Communication and Media in the Communication Department of Daystar University, and has lectured in film production and directing at Kenya Institute of Mass Communication. Mutua has also worked with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting as a Film Officer.
He has over 20 years of professional experience in professional production. His research interest areas are development communication, cultural and media studies in Africa, and Communication ethics.
Joseph Nyamwange Nyanoti has been a full time faculty at the Journalism Program since January 2010. He had worked as adjunct faculty from Summer 2008. Currently, Mr Nyanoti is a PhD candidate in Media and Cultural Studies at the University of Nairobi.
He has also been adjunct faculty at Daystar University, University of Nairobi and Tangaza College. He has also taught part-time at the Kenya Institute of Mass Communication. His teaching areas are in print media journalism, Communication Research, Theories of Mass Communication, Media Law and Ethics, Photojournalism and Human Rights Reporting.
Mr Nyanoti hold a Bachelor of Arts in Literature and Linguistics from the University of Nairobi (UON, 1990), a Postgraduate Diploma in Mass Communication, (UON, 1992) and a Master of Arts in Communication Studies, (UON, 2007). Mr Nyanoti has worked for close to 18 years in the Kenya Times, The Standard and Nation Media Group’s The East African as a journalist in various capacities before joining the academia.
Ms. Robi Koki Ochieng is currently a PhD candidate in Communication at Daystar University. She holds an MA. Communications Studies from the University of Nairobi and a BEd. (Arts) from the Moi University. Her research interest is in Organizational Communication; specifically in examining how principle of participatory approaches advocated in Development Communication can be applied to inculcate a performance culture in the organization using 'social networks’. She has been keen on study the effectiveness of Health Communication Campaigns, Communication for Empowerment and Corporate Communication.
She is an alumni of the Les Aspin Center of Government (Washington DC) USA , the China International Relations University (Beijing) and She has 17 years’ experience as an Educator moving from being a secondary school teacher; training, researching and consulting at the premiere Kenya Institute of Administration- the top Government of Kenya’s Management Development Institute (MDI). Currently, in the academic world as a Lecturer of Journalism , Organizational & Development Communication.
Assistant Professor, journalism
Dr. Kioko Ireri graduated with a Ph.D in Mass Communication in May 2013 from the school of journalism, Indiana University – Bloomington, Indiana in the United States of America. While persuing his doctoral studies at IU-Blumington, Dr. Ireri taught undergraduate students in the school of journalism. He received his M.A. in Mass Communication and a Bachelor of philosophy in interdisciplinary studies from Miami University of Mass Communication, graduating with top honors and awarded the Africa Counsil for communication Education perpetual Award – KIMC Jounalist of the Year 2002. Hise research interests include political communication, international communication, media effects on political attitudes, and the hierarchy-of-influences. He previously worked as a reporter for The people Daily and in PR at Gina Din Corporate communications, both in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital.
Lecturer, journalism and public relations
Isaiah K. Cherutich is a Broadcast journalist who teaches Electronic Media and Public Relations courses at United States International University, Nairobi. Mr. Cherutich holds a Master of Arts Degree in Journalism (Broadcast Media) from Moscow State University’s Journalism Faculty in the Russian Federation having graduated in 1992. He has vast experience in the broadcast industry as well as in Public Relations having worked in the media industry, in corporate communications and has also taught in several academic institutions in Kenya. He is a member of the Public Relations Society of Kenya (PRSK), Kenya Union of Journalists (KUJ) and an Associate Member of Kenya Institute of Management (AMKIM).
He has over 18 years experience in the industry having worked at Kenya Television Network (KTN) as a reporter and later as an International News Editor in the 1990s, later worked as Chief Public Relations Officer at National Housing Corporation (NHC) from 1996 - 2000. Mr. Cherutich has taught in various universities /institutions of higher learning among them Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya Institute of Mass Communication (KIMC), Nairobi and Maseno University. Over the years, he has actively participated on various TV and Radio programmes and talk-shows on Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, Kenya Television Network, NTV (Hatua Programme), Radio Deutchwelle among many others.
He has also published a number of articles/opinion pages in local media and attended many conferences both in Kenya and abroad. He was among 500 guests from the African continent who represented media practitioners, media trainers, government agencies, and other media stakeholders during the 2010 CNN/Multi-Choice Africa Journalist of the Year Awards in Kampala Uganda – May 2010. He continues to provide consultancy in the Media/Communications field to various institutions within the country, among them the Foreign Service Institute, Kenyatta University. His research interests are in corporate communications, issues around corporate social responsibility, media convergence and the electronic media in the African setting. He is currently the Coordinator of the USIU Journalism Program, a position he has held since September 2005.
Other faculty (both full-time and adjunct) who have taught or continue to teach at USIU include: Tom Okoyo (Now retired), Kodi Barth, Dr. Murej Mak’Ochieng, Ruth Mwihaki, Chris Kubasu, T. Joseph Kwanya, Dr. Barnabas Githiora, Fatuma Hirsi Mohammed, Martin Ocholi, Charity Mureithi.
Technical Staff in the Journalism Program
Zerubbabel Odera is currently the Radio and Television technician in the Journalism Department, School of Science and Technology. He has worked in various institutions such as Nation Media, Andrew Crawford and Coffee Board of Kenya. He is currently undertaking a B.A course in Public Relations at the University of Nairobi. He holds a Diploma in Mass Communication from Andrew Crawford Media Training School.
Holds a Degree in Telecommunication and Information Technology from Kenyatta University. Certified in VSAT Systems, trained in Cisco Networks. Skilled in Satellite Systems, Microwave Systems and Data Networks. Handled projects in Radio Frequency Transmission site installation, Radio studio design and installation, Television studio servicing and maintenance, Radio Frequency surveys for monitoring and evaluation, and live links for both Radio and Television stations. Conversant with digital television transmission architecture, DVB-T2.Vastly experienced in Broadcast FM/UHF transmitter repair, maintenance and servicing. Have worked in different technical positions at Standard Group, Broadcast Solutions International, and Onfone Media.
In a bid to interface with the academy in the industry, the journalism program has developed curricula in short courses in specific areas of interest following a market survey. Some if the courses we intend to launch in summer 2014 include media ethics, media law, broadcast presentation, technical writing, crisis management and reputational management.
Requirements for Applicants from Secondary Schools or High Schools
Admission to undergraduate degree programs are based on academic achievement at the secondary school level. These include Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) scores of C+ and above, five (5) credits in any five (5) subjects at the Kenya Certificate of Education (KCE) or East Africa Certificate of Education (EACE).
Requirements for Secondary/High School Graduation and Equivalent/ U.S. or International Applicants
High school graduation is required for admission to USIU. High school or secondary school students must submit an official transcript of records showing date of graduation. USIU recognizes two equivalent ways of meeting the graduation requirement: General Educational Development (GED) certificate (applicant must have a minimum score of 45 on each of the five sections and an overall score of 250 or higher) or State High School Proficiency Examination (applicant must pass this examination).
Secondary/High School Applicant Test Scores:
First time freshmen U.S. citizens/permanent residents must submit their SAT or ACT results. The results are evaluated in conjunction with the high school grade point average.
International applicants are considered for admission on the same basis as local applicants but must also demonstrate English proficiency. All students for whom English is not a first language are required to show English proficiency before beginning an academic program.
English Language Proficiency:
All international students must provide evidence of English language proficiency.
- Undergraduate applicants must have a score of 550 or higher (213 computer based) on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
- Applicants may also submit results of the Cambridge Test of English Proficiency. A grade of C or better is required
- Students from countries where English is the official language will be exempt from the USIU English proficiency requirement unless their academic performance at USIU reveals the need for additional English language study
Academic performance at USIU may reveal the necessity for further English language study by a student. The University reserves the right to make the final determination of a student's English proficiency level in all cases.
Where can a Journalism degree take you?
Print – they can work in the newspaper and magazine industry as news editors, managing editors, staff writers, reporters, designers and correspondence and photojournalists and online content managers
Broadcast – they can work as producers, directors, script writers, editors, production management, actors, news anchors, broadcast journalists, news editors, radio presenters, music directors, program directors, production managers, sales and marketing officers, commercial production for radio
PR – they can work as Public relations officers, strategic communication managers, publicists, external & internal relations officers, graphic designers, protocol officers, advertising account managers, copy writers, art directors, and market and communication research officers, advertising production directors, PR and advertising campaign management, event organization, speech writers.
The program requires that students have a 3 month long experience with media houses, PR firms, advertising firms and any organization that has journalism related departments. Students are expected to exhibit the knowledge silks and attitude required to be a functional communication employee in those organizations. These internships are taken towards the end of the program and are expected to write an inception report and a completion report under the supervision of a faculty member and the industry expert
Services Rendered by the Journalism Program
The Journalism studios can be described to have updated equipment and software currently being used in the industry. The Studios are available for use by students as follows;
The TV Studio
The TV Studio is where students practice their various TV technical operations such as; Camera Techniques, Lighting Techniques, News Anchoring using the Autocue, Directing Techniques, Vision/Sound Mixing and TV transmission. The services offered in this area encompasses setting up the area to facilitate the instruction of the afore mentioned technical operations as well as assisting students to learn how to use the various equipment available to achieve and acquire the necessary skills, knowledge and experience in operating them.
Of importance, students can book for equipment by sending an email to any of the radio and television studio technicians on the following email addresses:
Students book and carry equipment for their use and return upon completion. This is to ensure responsibility and equality is the utilization of the equipment. At the TV studio we have the following services that are offered:
Instructing students on how to use the video cameras and still cameras; instructing students on how to use the red head and white lights and instructing students on how to use sound equipment.
Students who go through these basic instructions of studio equipment maintenance and operation have to take introductory broadcast classes such as Introduction to Broadcast Media – JRN 1105 and Radio Production 1 – JRN 3321, so as to be well equipped with the technical operation of a location camera, studio camera, teleprompter, lighting for studio and location, use of boom microphone, location sound equipment and techniques of making a program. During the Pre- production and production, students are expected to move to the third stage that’s Post Production/ editing of the final project/program.
The Video Editing Suites
The editing suites have several iMac computers which have been installed Final Cut Pro 7, Final Cut Pro X and Adobe CS6 which are used by the students for video editing, gazette and sauti production, editing of photos and website designing. Services provided to students at the editing suites include:
a) Instructing students on how to use Final Cut Pro editing software and any other supporting software such as soundtrack pro and motion.
b) Instructing students on how to use Adobe Creative Suite 6 software that has different packages such as Adobe premiere pro, indesign, audition, dreamweaver, after effects, and photoshop.
Again the radio and television studio technicians will be there to assist students by training them on how to use these software’s. They can be reached on extension 462 or 514.
USIU Radio has two studios; On-air Radio and Recording Studio.
In the On-air Radio, Students present as News anchors, Show hosts, DJs and producers. Presenters are available from 0800Hrs to 2100hrs.From 2100Hrs to 0800Hrs, DJ mixes and playlists play. This makes USIU 99.9FM a 24 hour Radio Station. Here, students come up with proposals for various programs to be aired live or recorded. In the On-Air Studio, students come to practice studio technical operations such as; On-Air presentations skills, sound Mixing Technique microphone Use and Handling, how to use On-Air Automation Software, how to use On-Air Telephony, Learn how to use On-Air SMS Service and how to use the On-Air Sound Console. The services offered in this area are to expose students to the real world of radio by operating a Radio Station. Students get to experience the real radio environment which gives them unmatched technical capabilities to go about radio production techniques and skills.
In the Recording Studio, Students get to produce programs, Station Ids, Station promos, News demos, preparation of Jingles, Radio drops, and other commercials/adverts. Here, students are instructed on the basics of studio operations ranging from setting up for recording, microphone positioning, use and handling. The students are also taught the Audio mixer and how to control the several channels while using different sources of sound. They are also taught on the functions of recording software such as Adobe Audition. This is where students are oriented on the basics of radio, allowing them have a lot of practical knowhow even before being admitted to the live studio. They get to do voice testing and auditions as well as program demos to properly align them to what is required.
There is also a Radio Production Room, where the Technicians get to listen through programs in the On-air studio in order to do proper adjustments to presentations done by students. Students also get to use the production room to prepare for their programs by arranging their playlists and do final touches to their presentations.
Any Student or Staff of USIU is allowed to present in the Radio Studio. One will undergo training on proposal writing, orientation and mentoring.
Content for the Radio Studio is sourced by the respective host, usually from the Content Creation room, and the checked by the Production team. The Radio and Television Studio Technician together with the Production team then offer censorship where required.
The Radio studio has teams that run it. All team members are Journalism students. The Heads are:
- Head of Radio - Steve Wachira,
- Assistant Head of Radie - Samuel Njuguna
- Head of Production - Joan Murage
- Head of DJ's & Music Director - Andrew Young
- Head of PR - Barbra Koinange
- Head of News - Kawinzi Musau
- Head of USIU Radio Events - Annette Wachira
The Radio and Television Studio Telephone Extension is 462.
USIU 99.9FM boosts of a fully equipped State-of-the-art Studio. Includes microphone processors, Redbox amplifiers, Denon Disk players and AM/FM tuner, RDS and FM filter.
Our listenership is USIU, Kasarani, Marema and Roysambu. We target the surrounding community, through various Programs throughout the day. Our online presence is:
Facebook: USIU Radio 99.9FM
Television, Radio and Studio Technician, School of Science and Technology
Operate electronic test equipment to conduct routine and diagnostic checks on equipment, operating and maintaining broadcast quality video, audio recorders and audio feeds. Maintain records regarding equipment repair, service and installations, supervise and guide television production students doing there practical work in the studio. Supervise the production of all programs in the studio, ensure that all equipment are stored in a safe secure setting and manage the movement of studio equipment in and out of campus. Liaise with respective government departments and agencies to ensure compliance with laws and regulations in force at any particular time covering broadcasting equipment and facilities
Zerubabbel M. Odera
Radio & Television Studio Technician
School of Science & Technology
United States International University (USIU)
P.O. Box 14634 – 00800
Phone: +254 – 20 – 360 6514
Conducting routine and diagnostic checks on equipment. Operate and maintain broadcast quality audio recorders and audio feeds, maintain records regarding equipment repair, service and installations. Supervise and guide radio production students doing their practical work in the studio, and the production of all programs in the studio. Ensure that all equipment is stored in a safe, secure setting. Service, maintain and repair studio equipment and manage their movement in and out of campus. Liaise with respective government departments and agencies to ensure compliance with laws and regulations in force at any particular time covering broadcasting equipment and facilities
Wilfred N. Kidula, BSc
Radio Studio Technician
School of Science & Technology
United States International University (USIU)
P.O Box 14634-00800
Phone: +254-20-360 6462